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Nazi : Artur Axmann

 

  • Nazi : Artur Axmann : Profile
  • Nazi : Artur Axmann : Born

 

 

 

Wikipedia : Artur Axmann

 

Artur Axmann ( 18 February 1913 – 24 October 1996 )

 

was the German Nazi national leader (Reichsjugendführer) of the Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend) from 1940 to the war's end in 1945.

 

He was the last living Nazi with a rank equivalent to Reichsführer.

 

 

Artur Axmann
Artur Axmann.jpg
Reichsjugendführer
In office
8 August 1940 – May 1945
Appointed by Adolf Hitler
Preceded by Baldur von Schirach
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born 18 February 1913
Hagen, Province of Westphalia, German Empire
Died 24 October 1996 (aged 83)
Berlin, Germany
Nationality German
Political party Nazi Party (NSDAP)

 

 

Nazi Career

 

In September 1931, Axmann joined the Nazi Party and the next year he was called to the NSDAP Reichsjugendführung[1] to carry out a reorganisation of Hitler Youth factory and vocational school cells.

 

After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, he rose to a regional leader and became Chief of the Social Office of the Reich Youth Leadership.[2]

 

Axmann directed the Hitler Youth in state vocational training and succeeded in raising the status of Hitler Youth agricultural work.

 

In November 1934, he was appointed Hitler Youth leader of Berlin and from 1936 presided at the annual Reichsberufswettkampf competitions.

 

On 30 January 1939 he was awarded the Golden Party Badge.

 

Since October 1941, Axmann became a member of the Reichstag constituency of East Prussia.

 

After World War II began, Axmann was on active service on the Western Front until May 1940.[2]

 

On 1 May 1940, he was appointed deputy to Nazi Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach, whom he succeeded three months later on 8 August 1940.[2]

 

As a member of the Wehrmacht 23rd Infantry Division, he was severely wounded on the Eastern Front in 1941, losing his right arm.[2]

 

In early 1943, Axmann proposed the formation of the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend to Heinrich Himmler, with servicemen drawn from the Hitler Youth.[3]

 

Hitler approved the plan for the combat division to be made up of Hitler Youth members born in 1926.

 

Thereafter, recruitment and training began.[3]

 

In the last weeks of the war in Europe, Axmann commanded units of the Hitler Youth, which had been incorporated into the Home Guard (Volkssturm).

 

His units consisted mostly of children and adolescents.

 

They fought in the Battle of Seelow Heights and the Battle in Berlin.[2]

 

 

Post-war

 

Axmann avoided capture by Soviet troops[12] and lived under the alias of "Erich Siewert" for several months.

 

In December 1945, Axmann was arrested in Lübeck when a Nazi underground movement which he had been organising was uncovered by a U.S. Army counterintelligence operation.[12]

 

In May 1949, a Nuremberg denazification court sentenced Axmann to a prison sentence of three years and three months as a 'major offender'.[12]

 

He was not found guilty of war crimes.[12]

 

On 19 August 1958, a West Berlin court fined the former Hitler Youth leader 35,000 marks (approximately £3,000, or $8,300 USD) (equivalent to €74,527 in 2009), about half the value of his property in Berlin.

 

The court found him guilty of indoctrinating German youth with National Socialism until the end of the war in Europe, but concluded he was not guilty of war crimes.[12]

 

Later life

 

After his release from custody, Axmann worked as a businessman with varying success.

 

From 1971 he left Germany for a number of years, living on the Spanish island of Gran Canaria.[12]

 

Axmann returned to Berlin in 1976, where he died on 24 October 1996, aged 83.

 

His cause of death and details of his surviving family members were not disclosed.[13]