State Actors




Benjamin Netanyahu


  • Israel : PM Bibi Netanyahu : Profile




Wikipedia : Benjamin Netanyahu


Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu ( HebrewAbout this soundבִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ ;)


born 21 October 1949


is an Israeli politician who has been Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, having previously held the position from 1996 to 1999. Netanyahu is also the Chairman of the Likud-National Liberal Movement. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister in Israeli history,[2][3][4] and the first to be born in Israel after the establishment of the state.


Born in Tel Aviv to secular Jewish parents, Netanyahu joined the Israel Defense Forces shortly after the Six-Day War in 1967, and became a team leader in the Sayeret Matkal special forces unit.[5][6]


Netanyahu took part in many missions, including Operation Inferno (1968), Operation Gift (1968) and Operation Isotope (1972), during which he was shot in the shoulder.


Netanyahu fought on the front lines in the War of Attrition and the Yom Kippur War in 1973, taking part in special forces raids along the Suez Canal, and then leading a commando assault deep into Syrian territory.[7][8] Netanyahu achieved the rank of captain before being discharged.


After graduating from MIT with a Bachelor of Science (SB) and a Master of Science (SM), Netanyahu became an economic consultant for the Boston Consulting Group. Netanyahu returned to Israel in 1978 to found the Yonatan Netanyahu Anti-Terror Institute, named after his brother Yonatan Netanyahu, who died leading Operation Entebbe.


In 1984, Netanyahu was appointed the Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, a role he held until 1988.


He was subsequently elected to the Knesset, before becoming the Leader of Likud in 1993; he led the party to victory at the 1996 election, becoming Israel's youngest-ever Prime Minister.


After defeat in the 1999 election, Netanyahu left politics, returning to the private sector. He later returned to politics, serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance in the government of Ariel Sharon, but he would eventually resign over disagreements regarding the Gaza disengagement plan. As Finance Minister, Netanyahu initiated major reform of the Israeli economy, which was credited by commentators as having significantly improved Israel's subsequent economic performance.[9]


Netanyahu returned to the leadership of Likud in December 2005, after Sharon quit to form a new party, Kadima.[10]


Although Likud finished second in the 2009 election to Kadima, Netanyahu was able to form a coalition government with other right-wing parties, and was sworn in as Prime Minister for a second time.[11][12][13]


He went on to lead Likud to victory in the 2013 and 2015 elections.[14]


Since December 2016, Netanyahu has been under investigation by Israeli police and prosecutors for a number of alleged corruption scandals, culminating in the Attorney General announcing his intent to file indictments against him in 2019.[15] After the April 2019 election resulted in no party being able to form government, a second election was called for September.


Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu 2018.jpg
Prime Minister of Israel
Assumed office
31 March 2009
Preceded by Ehud Olmert
In office
18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999
President Ezer Weizman
Preceded by Shimon Peres
Succeeded by Ehud Barak
Chairman of Likud
Assumed office
20 December 2005
Preceded by Ariel Sharon
In office
3 February 1993 – 6 July 1999
Preceded by Yitzhak Shamir
Succeeded by Ariel Sharon
Personal details
Born 21 October 1949 (age 69)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Political party Likud
  • Miriam Weizmann
    (m. 1972; div. 1978)
  • Fleur Cates
    (m. 1981; div. 1984)
  • Sara Ben-Artzi
    (m. 1991)
Children 3
Residence Beit Aghion, Jerusalem
Alma mater
  • Politician
  • diplomat
  • writer
  • economic consultant
  • marketing executive
Military service
Allegiance  Israel
Branch/service Israeli Defense Forces
Years of service 1967–1973
Rank IDF seren rotated.svg Seren (Captain)
Unit Sayeret Matkal
Knessets 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Ministerial roles
1996–97 Science and Technology
1996–99 Housing and Construction
2002–03 Foreign Affairs
2003–05 Finance
2009–13 Economic Strategy
2009–13 Pensioner Affairs
2009–13 Health
2012–13 Foreign Affairs
2013 Public Diplomacy and Diaspora Affairs
2014–2015 Communications
2015 Pensioner Affairs
2015–2019 Foreign Affairs