Why ?

 

Climate

Climate Agreements : Kyoto Protocol

 

 

Wikipedia : Kyoto Protocol

 

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it.

 

The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005.

 

There are currently 192 parties (Canada withdrew from the protocol, effective December 2012)[4] to the Protocol.

 

Kyoto Protocol

 

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
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  Annex B parties with binding targets in the second period
  Annex B parties with binding targets in the first period but not the second
  Non-Annex B parties without binding targets
  Annex B parties with binding targets in the first period but which withdrew from the Protocol
  Signatories to the Protocol that have not ratified
  Other UN member states and observers that are not party to the Protocol
Signed 11 December 1997[1]
Location Kyoto, Japan
Effective 16 February 2005[1]
Condition Ratification by at least 55 states to the Convention
Expiration In force (first commitment period expired 31 December 2012)[2]
Signatories 84[1]
Parties 192[3][4] (European Union, Cook Islands, Niue, and all UN member states except Andorra, Canada, South Sudan, and the United States)
Depositary Secretary-General of the United Nations
Languages Arabic, Mandarin, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource

 

 

Kyoto Protocol Extension (2012–2020)

 

Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol
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Acceptance of the Doha Amendment
  States that ratified
  Kyoto protocol parties that did not ratify
  Non-parties to the Kyoto Protocol
Type International
Drafted 8 December 2012
Signed 11 December 1997
Location Doha, Qatar
Effective Not in force
Condition Ratification by 144 state parties required
(three-fourths of 192)
Ratifiers 130[5]
Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource